Trump International Hotel & Tower
The Trump International Hotel and
Tower is a skyscraper condo-hotel under
construction at 401 North Wabash Avenue in downtown
Chicago, Illinois named for famed real estate
developer Donald Trump. Upon completion in 2009, it
will be the second tallest building in Chicago
behind the Sears Tower, though the Chicago Spire
will be taller once it is completed in 2010. The
building will be 415 meters (1,362 feet) tall and
contain 96 floors for various uses when completed.
Despite ongoing difficulties, construction is
The tower is constructed on the site
formerly occupied by the Chicago Sun-Times, one of
the city's two major newspapers.
The design of the building
incorporates three setbacks to give it a visual
continuity with the surrounding skyline.
Each of the setbacks is designed to reflect the
height of a nearby building: the first matches the
Wrigley Building, the second setback aligns with the
Marina City Towers, and the third setback matches
the height of the 330 North Wabash.
The building will be made up of 2.6
million gross square feet, include 90 stories, 472
super-luxury residential condominiums, including
studios to three bedrooms and up to five bedroom
penthouses, and feature a five-star luxury hotel
condominium with 286 guest rooms. Floors three
and twelve will be used for lobbies, retail, and
parking 3-12. A health club and spa will be
located on the 14th floor and Mezzanine. Hotel
condominiums and executive lounges will be located
on floors 17 through 27M. The tower's residential
condominiums will be located from the 29th to 85th
floors. Penthouses will make up floors 86
The building will break the record
for the world’s highest residence, which has been
held since 1969 by the nearby John Hancock Center.
Note that since this building has both hotel
condominiums and residential condominiums it will
not contest the record recently set by the Q1 Tower
on the Gold Coast of Australia which is 80 stories
high as the tallest all-residential building.
When planning for this building began
in 2000, it was originally announced that it would
be the future world's tallest building. After the
terrorist acts of September 11, 2001, Trump had the
plans scaled down hundreds of feet to avoid being a
potential target for similar terrorist attacks.
The building's design by Skidmore,
Owings and Merrill was first released in December,
2001. According to the Chicago Tribune, the company
built nearly 50 models before they came up with a
design they liked. However, the first design did not
meet well with architects and the residents of
Chicago. A subsequent revision in July, 2002
resulted in the current established design. In
January, 2004, another revision changed floors 17
through 26 from offices into condominiums and hotel
rooms. Bill Rancic, The Apprentice season one
winner, manages the project. Construction began on
March 17th 2005.
The concrete subcontractor is
implementing a comprehensive formwork for the
construction of the building. The building will be
the tallest formwork structure in the world.
Concrete moulding is being used, because using a
traditional ironwork structure would require a
building footprint that would be too big for the
property size, proportional to the height of the
designed building. A liquid concrete pump allows
each additional floor to be poured by pumping
concrete up several hundred feet to the elevating